Ain came to launch such an expensive and unwieldy endeavorMuch of the weight of The Armada ives the background information for the English Enterprise Europe is in the throes of the reformation and rebellions against princes carry with them the fervor of holy wars France who might oppose the sudden envelopment of England into the Spanish empire is struggling with its own civil war and every one of the three contenders is a Henry The Netherlands have risen against their Spanish lords with the military and fiscal support of Elizabeth who is presumably interested in having enemies of Spain at her doorstep rather than Spain itself Canadian Art, Volume 1 (A-F): Canadian Art: Volume I (A-F) given the two powers mutual hostility There is a veryood chance that Phillip could Building the Cold War: Hilton International Hotels and Modern Architecture get away with styling himself the English king he d already enjoyed the title as ueen Mary s husband and Elizabeth reigns over a divided nation Many of her subjects maintain faith with the Catholic church secretly or openly and several rebellions and conspiracies intending to restore a Catholic monarch to the throne have already erupted If their former king landed and called them to rise against a woman already declared illegitimate by the Church how easy would it be for them to bury their fears about civil war and declare for PhillipFortunately for England s men in arms and their mothers it never came to that The English engaged in a running battle with the Armada as it made its way towards the Channel there was no epic showdown but a series of smaller skirmishes two of which when combined with the storms of the Channel did serious damage to the fleet By the time they neared the rendezvous in fact the admirals in command had to view their stores of rotten food ailing men and badly leaking ships in the cold light of reality The Armada was no longer capable of breaking the Dutch blockade that would allow the Spanish to take on their army and transport it to Spain It might not even make it home if it continued to be harassed Part of the problem was that the Armada was so enormous and unwieldy Its ships wereathered together from across Spain s domain and many were Mediterranean alleys built for ramming that were out of place in a battle that involved artillery than swashbuckling shipboard raids Even in the age of standardized euipment and radio communications the Allies reuired months of planning and stockpiling to prepare for D Day Spain had a similar challenge but its every piece of euipment might vary from casting to casting and its barrels of food spoiled as uickly as they could be found The Spanish sailed in the hopes of a miracle but they found none When news reached Phillip II he wrote to the his bishops and could express only thanks that in the light of the storms men were not lostI knew virtually nothing of the Armada except that it sailed met a storm and failed Although in retrospect a brief review of the history of the period would have served me well as a reader particularly in regards to France whom I seem to ignore utterly between 1453 and 1789 the author s delivery is indeed novel like The *Personalities Of The Period Like The Swaggering Drake Add To *of the period like the swaggering Drake add to tale s liveliness Although the wars of the day seem far removed from us now the author s epilogue couldn t be current he cautions the reader that wars of ideologies are always the hardest to win Fucking brilliant Written in a day when outstanding Historians were also occasionally excellent and entertaining Writers and Garrett Mattingly was certainly both Unusual for a history tome in that it is riveting enough to be difficult to put down and is written as a series of vignettes laying out the larger conflict from the point of view of the different participants from Philip of Spain and Elizabeth of England to Henry of France and Mary ueen of Scots I was expecting reat things from this book based on it s rating and recommendations I am happy to say that it did not disappointIt details the politics of Spain France and England that led to the creation of the invasion fleet From the death of Mary ueen of Scots to the war of the Henry s in France and the Dutch contribution The politics of Protestant versus Catholic within these counties was a key part and the armies maneuvering on mainland Europe were seriously affected by the political machinations The affects of rumor and propaganda were the most interesting aspects for me It amused me to find that until reading this I believed some of the rumors and propaganda that were started in the 16th century The economics of creating the fleets in England and in Spain from the food water to the building or buying of ships boats and manning them was something of a nightmare The toll that sickness took before either fleet ever left their respective shores and after the battle was staggering Modification of the English ships to make them maneuverable and new uns changed naval tactics to such an extent that neither side knew UITE HOW TO WAGE A BATTLE WITH THEM BUT how to wage a battle with them but was the beginning of a new kind of naval warfare that was to last for several hundred years I m not a non fiction fan for the most part so it took me 2 months to read a 400 page book but it was worth the time spent Garrett Mattingly s classic The Armada will put you at Sir Francis Drake s elbow on board the Elizabeth Bonaventure when he sails into Cadiz to singe the beard of Philip of Spain A marvelous you are there book beginning with the beheading of Mary ueen of Scots and ending with Elizabeth the First s butt sitting firmly on the throne of England than ever before in her precarious reign I so want someone to make a film from this book and make it well Colin Farrell as Drake maybe The Armada is nominally about the English defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588 But it is it is a profile of Elizabeth Tudor in the thirtieth year of her reign it is an in depth look at the savage War of the three. Esteemed and critically acclaimed historian Garrett Mattingly explores all dimensions of the naval campaign which captured the attention of the European world and played a deciding. Henrys that devastated France and the Low Countries it provides some insights into the character of Phillip king of Spain and above all it is a panorama of a Europe that having taken the first step out of the long medieval night is now roping for the next step leading ultimately to the industrial revolution and the modern world There can be few fascinating historical characters than Elizabeth She is that most appealing of historical subjects the executive who rows in office That she survived to age 25 without losing her head is a combination of luck and skill In an age when the royalty of Europe was characterized by extravagance and bizarre irrational behavior Elizabeth favored fiscal prudence a long term view and a deep affection for her yeomanry which formed the backbone of the realm That Elizabeth was able to manage advisors such as Lord Burghley and Walsingham not to mention the kings of France and Spain is ample testimony to her political astuteness That she earned and retained for forty five years the enthusiastic support of the common people and the business community in England is a testament to her management of the nation s finances Mattingly begins with the execution of Mary ueen of Scots drawing the connections between the political murder and the on oing war on the continent with Phillip s launching of the famous ArmadaMattingly does a ood job of explaining the information sometimes slim that has come down to us and then providing one or interpretations of what it might mean One example is the encounter between the Duc de Joyeuse and Henry of Navarre on October 20 1587 Henry had meant not to fight Joyeuse but to elude himThe Protestants scarcely ever won a pitched battle and for years had not risked oneThe B arnais Henry moved fast it was one of his chief distinctions as a captain But this time he was too slowNow as he listened to the crackle of small arms which showed that his outposts were being driven in he faced the unpleasant fact that although he himself could still et away he would have to leave most of his troops behind Nothing in the record suggests that Henry entertained for a moment the idea of escape Rather he Chameleon Hours gave his captains the impression that this was just the place he would have chosen for a battleAcross the few hundred yards of openround the opposing horsemen had time to eye each other The Huguenots looked plain and battle worn in stained and Chicago Architecture (Architecture Urbanism) greasy leather and dullray steel Their armor was only cuirass and morion their arms mostly just broadsword and pistolOpposite it the line of the royalists rippled and shimmeredThree thousand common soldiers were slaughtered than four hundred knights and Chicago Neighborhoods and Suburbs: A Historical Guide gentlemen and an impressive roll of dukes maruises counts and barons At least said Henry of Navarre at the day s end nobody will be able to say after this that we Hugeuenots never win a battle And of course we have the famous events at Tilbury August 18 and 19 1588 when Elizabeth went down from London to review her troops mustered to resist the threatened invasion Elizabeth was easy to upset but hard to frightenUndismayed she led the martial procession of barges down the river regaining on the way a sense of participating inreat events such as she had not known since the initiative passed from the diplomats to the fighting menWhen her Captain General came to welcome her and take her orders for the inspection and review the ueen told himShe needed no uards among her fellow countrymen in *Arms For Her ServiceAnd * for her serviceAnd whoever may have protested the inspecting party was arrangedThat was the whole escort four men and two boysthe little party advanced into the ranks of the militia which exploded in a roar of cheersThe day was so successful she decided it would bear repetition She passed the night at *A Manor House Some Four Miles Off *manor house some four miles off came back the next day This time there was a review and march pastand then the ueen went to dine in state in the eneral s pavilion and all the captains of her army came to kiss her hand But before that perhaps at the end of the review she had spoken to her people words they would cherish My loving people we have been persuaded by some that are careful for our safety to take heed how we commit ourselves to armed multitudes for fear of treachery But I assure you I do not desire to live to distrust my faithful and loving people Let tyrants fearI know I have the body of a weak and feeble woman but I have the heart and stomach of a king and a king of England too and think foul scorn thatany prince of Europe should dare to invade the borders of my realm to which rather than any dishonour shall Building the South Side: Urban Space and Civic Culture in Chicago, 1890-1919 grow by me I myself will take up arms Mattingly brings Elizabeth and the other players in this intense drama forward from the one dimensional enumeration of events that freuently passes for history into a three dimensional relief where their motives characters and decisions can be seen His presentation is excellent for theeneral reader his chapter notes provide uidance for one that might wish to delve deeper into the subject I am an aspiring narcoleptic or perhaps just experiencing hypnagogic hallucinations thank you Wikipedia though I believe this book caused most of my daytime drowsiness over the last week for what it is worth I always wanted to keep reading when I woke up THE SPANISH LOST that came way out of left field ood thing I was sitting laying down An older but still highly valuable work Mattingly should especially be commended for placing the events of 1588 in the context of the English succession the Dutch Revolt and even France s War of the Three Henries This was neither simply a Protestant Catholic struggle nor an English Spanish national rivalry but a far complex inter mixture Though Mattingly emphasizes context he does not neglect detail and engages the aps in the sources effectively Well worth reading. Role in the settlement of the New World “So skillfully constructed it reads like a novel” New York Times The Armada is sure to appeal to the scholar and amateur historian alike. .
Garrett Mattingly Ù 2 Summary.
This is an extraordinarily readable account of the legend around the defeat of the Invincible Armada by Sir Francis Drake which deservedly won the Pulitzer Prize in 1960 It takes time to delve into each of the courts that were at war and describe with detail the various characters in the drama as it played out There is uite a bit of humor in the descriptions In fact I think I preferred the lead up in putting all the pieces on the board to the rather anti climactic battles and missed rendez vous The book certainly is convincing of the futility of enrolling a Deity in this case the same Deity but from opposing factions to fight battles for you the yawning silence is not an effective defensive or offensive weapon This battle was won from a few actions months beforehand and a eneral lack of communication a point well stressed time and time again between the sea borne fleet coming from Portugal and Spain and the Parma s invasion fleet which never left the harbor and disbanded after the dispersion of the Armada Definitely recommended for those interested in late XVIe history and naval warfare as well as for the psychological insights into Philip II of Spain Henri III of France and Elizabeth I of England but also Rudolph II of Prague and Sixtus V in the Vatican to lesser degrees An excellent and very readable history of the Armada battle and the whole cauldron of English and European politics surrounding it Mattingly does a superb job of explaining why England and Spain went to war and why Phillip of Spain waited until after the Catholic heir Mary of Scotland was out of the way before launching his invasion plans The book devotes a lot of space and attention to the civil war raging in France at the time as the Spanish funded Guise faction kept the French state in turmoil unable to interfere in Spain s wars with England and the NetherlandsMattingly livens up the narrative with entertaining thumbnail portraits of the main actors The reader comes away feeling as if one knows Elizabeth I Francis Drake Phillip of Spain and Henri III of FranceThe account of the battle itself is not the typical British triumphalism Mattingly emphasizes how well the Spanish fleet withstood the English attacks and it was only the disruption of the fireships coupled with an unexpected storm that finally did the Spanish in He also looks closely at the tremendous hole in the Spanish tactical plan the key detail of how the Spanish army in the Netherlands was supposed to link up with the Armada even though they controlled no deepwater ports All in all a fun informative and highly readable book Book The ArmadaAuthor Garrett MattinglyRating 3 Out of 5 StarsI Class and Conformity: A Study in Values - With a Reassessment (Midway Reprint) get why so many people like this one but for me it just didn t offer anything new I know this was written in 1959 but I was hoping toain some insight and learn something that I maybe didn t know before This book is four hundred pages and it just didn t happen I was reading this for research so it was Class Warfare: Class, Race, and College Admissions in Top-Tier Secondary Schools good to have a little refresher I just didn tain anything new There were so many moving parts in the defeat of the Spanish Armada and so much back story as to how and why we ot to this point However I just wish that the author would had spent time on the actual battle than the back story I know the back story is important and all but *It Really Could Have Been Condensed Plus *really could have been condensed Plus the end this book really doesn t answer the why Why was this event important I know why but I didn t et it from this book Given
length I have but it just didn t happen The writing was pretty simple and easy but there are some parts that are kind of boring I know that nonfiction already has a bad rap for being boring in many circles I feel like that some of the denser chapters in this book are Citizens and Paupers: Relief, Rights, and Race, from the Freedmen's Bureau to Workfare going to reinforce that idea This is a battle and a complex one at that I do feel like it could have been jazzed up in a way that itoing to pull the everyday audience in It felt like in some parts a textbook To me this is something that you don t want in nonfiction You want to make your audience engaged and excited about what they are reading I m just not sure that the everyday reader is conquest and community:the afterlife of warrior saint ghazi miyan going toet that from this book When I look at today s historians and their books there is a clear different Again I know this is an older book and all I Composition and Literature: Bridging the Gap guess that what I metting at is that it doesn t really hold up With all of that being said the author does do a Creating Country Music: Fabricating Authenticity great job at showing us just how complex the event was Weet to see all of the key figures and see the thought that went into it We also et to see the role that religion played into it Those of you who don t know back then religion was the driving force in daily life A lot of people are complaining about how much time the author spends on this but needs to be there You cannot write a book about this time period without bringing religion into it Once again I m oing to take the middle road on this one There were parts that I enjoyed and parts that I didn t In the late summer of 1588 all of Europe held its breath as an enormous Spanish fleet consisting of a hundred and fifty vessels of varying sizes set sail for the English channel Their mission to rendezvous with the elite troops of General Parma in the defeated Netherlands and to transport them to England there to revenge the execution of Mary ueen of Scots and depose Anne Boleyn s daughter That invasion never happened As is famously known the Armada met English fire and northern winds and a third of its number was lost utterly on the shores of Britain and Ireland It was for Elizabeth constantly confronting intrigue from Catholics and Puritans alike a lorious moment here before all of Europe the wind and waves declared that she was the Dread Sovereign of all England The Armada is a storied history not just of the Spanish fleet s doomed voyage into the channel but how Sp. Chronicling one of the most spectacular events of the sixteenth century The Armada is the definitive story of the English fleet’s infamous defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588 The. .the length i