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The mathematics of ueuing theory demonstrates that as resource utilization approaches 100% ueue length and delay increase toward infinity Systems that are not resilient to congestion reach a point of overload where they experience a decrease in carried load even as offered load increases We experience this when congested ighways encounter volume delays fewer cars per Where Is the Vatican? hour get through simply because too many are trying to get throughThe authors apply these principles without the math to analyzing several important social problems Scarcity captures the mind it focuses us on immediate needs while it diminishes the executive control functions we need for impulse control and to make good longer term priority decisions Poverty results from a scarcity of money aggravated by a scarcity of mental bandwidth needed to plan better use of the available money Busy people already suffering from scarcity of time waste even time because they don tave the bandwidth to plan the best use of their time Diets are difficult to sustain because the scarcity of permitted calories causes a focus on what you can t eat now while a tunnel vision excludes consideration of ealthier options Lonely people suffer from a scarcity of social contacts The misery increases with each cyclePeople embroiled in scarcity do not make the rational decisions predicted by traditional economics instead they consistently make costly short term decisions Payday loans that charge exorbitant fees to lend money until your next paycheck arrives are one remarkably popular and costly example The present is crushing the future is abstract Borrowing goes and in and with scarcity Poverty causes failure not the other way aroundThe general solution they offer to breaking various scarcity cycles is to introduce slack into the system capacity that is available to carry unplanned but inevitable surges in resource needs For example a chronic shortage of operating rooms at St John s Regional Health Center was alleviated when they decided to leave one operating room intentionally unused The steady flow of unscheduled emergencies was andled by this room without disrupting the scheduling of elective surgery A focus on efficiency alone Its Not About Her Second Glances has to yield to planning for slack capacity reuired toandle the unplanned yet inevitable shocks to the system Henry Ford apparently knew this in 1926 when Cryptocurrency he famously adopted a shorter 40our work week and gained an increase in output over the traditional 60 Sieben Jahre in Tibet hour work weekWhile traditional systems such as payday loans are often designed to exploit poor decision making during scarcity systems can be redesigned toelp people make better decisions during times of abundance GlowCaps pill bottles that glow and beep to remind you to take the medicine each day are one good example This extremely important book takes a close and counter intuitive look at Operaatio Para Bellum how the brain behaves when confronted with the lack of something That something is often money but it can also be time or will power oruman connection In a nutshell it explains Horse a Portrait A Photographer's Life With Horses how the brain s default method of creating immediate solutions to urgent problems can very often create a much larger problem down the roadThe reason for this is that urgent problems causes the brain to tunnel which takes a tremendous amount of cognitive processing capacity Focus on the immediate problem creates a tax on processing power that impairs the ability to step back and take a wider view of the situation in particular it causes us to underestimate the long term costs of what may seem on the surface to be a good short term solutionThis book is written in a fairly academic style and is somewhat repetitive in the firstalf While it is not a self Aircraft of World War I 1914 1918 The Essential Aircraft Identification Guide help book it does contain critical information onow we can counteract mental Myth Taken Identity habits that keep us in a scarcity loop It also contains scores of real world examples of the bandwidth tax in action from farmers in India to small business owners in the Caribbean to air traffic controllers in the Midwest That latter group offered a particularly uniue example of the bandwidth tax on days when flights were backed up and they were reuired to manage aeavier load of airborne planes than normal they demonstrated decreased ability to parent their children in a consistent fashionI originally assumed this would be an academically interesting book that would be most useful to those who develop aid programs It is definitely that as the authors address Amazon.com: The Underwater Photographer eBook: Martin Edge: Kindle Store how many programs designed toelp people get out of poverty fail because their structure contributes to a worsening of this bandwidth tax In reading it Growing Marijuana (Idiot's Guides) however I also saw and of myself in its pages Though it took me weeks to finish it because I was trying to put out so many fires at work the irony of it ending up overdue at the library was not lost on me it gave me tremendous insight intoow I The Jane Austen Project had ended up so far behind and what I need to do to fix that Thanks to Richard for encouraging me to bump it up my list Scarcity is one of those books that explains some aspect of the world in a way youadn t though of before in an accessible form and backed by research results I d put books like Thinking Fast and Slow Antifragile Things That Gain from Disorder and The Difference How the Power of Diversity Creates Better Groups Firms Schools and Societies in this category They stretch your expectations and your perspectivesIn this book scarcity is considered in a variety of forms a lack of wealth poverty time overcommitted food Dynamite Doc or Christmas Dad? hunger and social contact loneliness Through variety of experiments from a behavioral economic point of view the authors demonstrate that all of the varieties of scarcity share certain characteristics and that the results manifest themselves in ways that we might notave expected However they particularly focus on poverty with good reason because it is a form of scarcity that affects both individuals and society the mostAs an example take the idea of the lack of success of the poor Are they not successful because they are poor or are they poor because they are not as capable Or both Your answer to that may depend on your worldview or your politics but it is a uestion worth asking because without a solid answer we ave very little
for finding authors decided to see if someone s level of wealth would affect them intellectually To do this they started by giving a random group the scenario You car needs 300 in repairs the insurance will cover alf Would you get it fixed How would you decide and ave them talk about that decision Immediately after this they were given test of general intelligence Raven s Progressive Matrices to be exact it s an I type test In this case the result was that both poor and prosperous people come out very similar in their results Their cognitive capabilities were nearly eualThey then changed the scenario to represent a larger financial urdle You car needs 3000 in repairs the insurance will cover Blood Sorcery (Shadows of Magic, half Would you get it fixed How would you decide They presented this to a similar random group of subjects and the results were striking After that scenario the poor people performed significantly worse than the prosperous people How much worse An euivalent of 12 13 I points or a greater effect than taking the test after being forced to stay up all night with no sleepNote that this was at a subconscious level the scenario isypothetical in both cases However the mere distraction of the scarcity of money causes significant degradation of intellectual functioning Moreover the same effect The Elusive Heiress Nancy Drew happened when they run a similar test on executive function that is self control and willpower With the first scenario no difference between poor and prosperous With the second significant differencesSo what does that tell us That when we see the poor making choices that are clearly notelping their lives or performing poorly in educational settings or getting caught in behaviors that are downward spirals we need to take into account that there are invisible for significant cognitive deficits that any one of us would be under if we were in the same financial circumstances These are not character flaws they are deeply embedded ways that the Pizarro and the Conuest of Peru human brain deals with scarcity We find similarly irrational behaviors in successful people whose scarcity involves lack of time and not lack of moneyThis book is filled with experiments like this and the results and the authorsave done an admirable job conducting them to address some of the possible confounding factors They also do an excellent job of communicating their work in a readable form If you want a fantastic lens with which to examine some of the most perplexing uestions facing our world today this book is an excellent choiceAs is usual with books like these I thought that their solutions part of the book was weaker than the discussion What books like this really spur and why they are so important when they become popular are new conversations and thoughts among many people that lead to a shifting of general perception and ultimately people using this perspective to find solutions that are far beyond what the authors would Are You There God? It's Me M have ever dreamedAs is usual for my reviews I try and reserve my 5 star reviews than cause me to rethink something significant in the world that Iad taken for granted before Although it s not perfect this book fits that descriptions to a tee I once Evan (O'Connor Brothers Vol. 5) heard Sendhil Mullainathan speak at an event in DC ande was smart and engaging He s a MacArthur Foundation genius a Harvard economist and a TED speaker He On Hitler's Mountain Overcoming the Legacy of a Nazi Childhood PS has a wry sense ofumor and tells anecdotes from A cristalli liquidi (Italian Edition) his personal life to makeis economics work come alive And all of that is in this book written with I've Got a Home in Glory Land: A Lost Tale of the Underground Railroad his long time collaborator Eldar Shafir who s a Princeton psychologistStill this book was a bit of a disappointment possibly because I expected so much A lot of the conclusions are well obvious The book s entire thesis can be summarized as People make bad decisions when they are resource constrained whether the resources in uestion are money time food or something else Some of it recaps whatas been said before about yperbolic discounting in economicsThe book s chapters go like thisIntro definition of scarcity and overview of its conseuencesChap 1 The good scarcity can cause focus The bad focus can mean inattention to other thingsChap 2 Scarcity causes an interna. Librarian's Note this is an alternate cover edition ISBN 9781846143458A surprising and intriguing examination of ow scarcity and our flawed responses to it shapes our lives our society and our cultureWhy do successful people get things done at the last minute Why does poverty persist Why do organizations get stuck firefighting Why do the lonely find it ard to make friends These uestions seem unconnected yet Sendhil Mullainathan and Eldar Shafir show that they are all are examples of a mind set produced by scarcityDrawing on cutting edge res. L disruption that makes it Lonestar Sanctuary harder to make good decisionsChap 3 Slack the opposite of scarcity allows better choices and reduces the bad conseuences of failiureChap 4 Poor people are sometimes realistic about estimating costs because theyave to beChap 5 Borrowing when you re short of cash leads to a descending spiral of debtChap 6 7 Poverty is a vicious circle of scarcity leading to bad decisions leading to scarcityChap 8 Poverty can be alleviated by creating slack such as extra cash or day care to create timeChap 9 Efficient use of resources and division of labor Trust Me, I'm Lying: Confessions of a Media Manipulator helps organizations become efficientChap 10 Efficient use of self controlelps with life issuesOn the positive side the book contains some interesting stories and a rich set of endnotes to track down the many studies the authors cite On the negative side the book keeps talking about Understanding the Black Economy and Black Money in India how mainstream economics is traditionally for example that people are rational decision makers just so the authors can tear down the mainstream view Economists come across as completely clueless which maybe they are Is it really surprising that when you re poorungry and stressed that you would make less than rational decisionsMullainathan and Shafir seem aware of this problem with the book Chap 2 contains some defensive passages about Desperate (Bad Baker Boys, how bad decisions under scarcity are different from bad decisions due to stress The explanation isn t compelling and unlike most of their other claims that passage doesn tave lots of studies to back it upThe most interesting study in the book is one about street vendors in India who are in perpetual debt from a loan sell repay cycle Chap 6 The researchers give the vendors a cash grant to pay off their debts which should ave allowed them to start saving a little and eventually eliminate the need for borrowing altogether One by one though the vendors fall back into debt Any non economist would see this as challenges of personality or abit It s the same reason why couch potatos find it ard to get off the couch and exercise everyday The authors though somehow turn this into a story of scarcity How it was because there wasn t enough slack Why don t they do an experiment where they give everyone a little extra cash to save They don t though and I d bet good money that with additional cash the vendors would still ave fallen back into debt eventually What the vendors need is some training and How Drawings Work handoldingThis study illustrates one of the biggest problems with the book In order to make a case for the centrality of scarcity the authors go too far Not every bad decision is about scarcity Sometimes people are dumb and sometimes there are dumb people And sometimes people are smart and there are also smart people At one point the authors write all people if they were poor would Truly Irresistible have less effective bandwidth Not sure about that My grandmother managed seven kids and ran a shop but she was dirt poor untiler children grew up There is no scarcity of books about the brain and psychology and emotion In fact the shelves are groaning with them But Whisper Loudly here s a psychological take on what you might regard as a problem of economics and that makes it genuinely fascinating So it s a shame that it doesn t work better as a book but this is one of those titles that you will want to read despite thatThe authors Sendhil Mullainathan and Eldar Shafir look at the nature of scarcity and crucially the effect itas on I've Been Thinking . . .: Reflections, Prayers, and Meditations for a Meaningful Life human performance You mightear the term and think it s about going Dragon Ball Z Cycle 2 T03 hungry and that is one example of scarcity but they also look at whatappens when money time and even friends are in short supply Although they aren t exact analogues all The Never-Ending Present: The Story of Gord Downie and the Tragically Hip & have related impacts on us asuman beingsBy referencing the best available studies and doing a few of their own the authors come to some important conclusions Scarcity isn t all bad It concentrates the mind gives us focus But there is a price to pay for being in that tunnel It means that other essential aspects of life get ignored And most strikingly what the authors call bandwidth a combination of cognitive ability and ability to concentrate is reduced They call this a bandwidth tax So far so engaging We aren t just offered the symptoms and diagnosis but also some attempts to counter this Pointing out for instance that it s better for people to make decisions and learn things when they are going through a good phase than through scarcity However I ave two problems with this as a book One is that while it s no textbook it really isn t particularly readable it takes a really interesting subject and makes it a bit dull And the other is that there are strong signs that this is really a magazine article not a book For page after page the same thing is said in subtly different ways If I see the word bandwidth again today I ll scream The meat of this book could easily fit in 4000 wordsSo paradoxically I do urge you to read the book as the subject is well worth exploring but I can t promise that you will enjoy the experience The premise of the book is that we ave a limited amount of mental bandwidth and we use a bit of that bandwidth each time we address a problem Poverty time pressure and responsibilities all tax our mental bandwidth even when we are not actively thinking about them The value of thisbasis for finding
is not when we are not actively thinking about them The value of this text is not in that pressure from outside factors affects us all the time but rather in explaining the importance of considering bandwidth in designing programs assigning tasks etcScarcity provides a lexicon that is severely lacking from the conversations of social entrepreneurs behavioral economists and managers alike A uick read I The Saga of Tanya the Evil, Vol. 4 (light novel) highly recommend this to anyone whoas ever been perplexed by the disconnect between knowing what to do and being able to do it Are the poor to blame for their poverty For their flawed choicesAre the overweight struggling with a diet What about those who complain of being too busy What About The LonelyWhat These Have In Common Is Scarcity about the lonelyWhat these Fret Work Step By Step have in common is scarcity that economistsave always studied But until fairly recently the idea of studying cognition or feelings from an economic perspective would Mark of the Dragon Urban Dragon have been absurd or eveneretical The field of behavioral economics and neuroeconomics Soigner le Sida autrement avec le protocole ICCARRE has changed that and took off like a rocket when Daniel Kahneman a psychologist won the Nobel Prize in Economics What Sendhil Mullainathan and Eldar Shafir focus on isow the uman mind functions when it perceives scarcity there are predictable cognitive changes that most of would describe as seriously dysfunctionalThe term is scarcity trap and the basic idea is that our brains so tightly focus on what is so desperately lacking that thinking about anything else becomes tremendously difficult Like several other cognitive problems this was undoubtedly evolutionarily adaptive for our paleolithic ancestors so under some circumstances it probably remains beneficial but nevertheless outside of our controlThe result is revelatory there are profound implications for ow our governments poverty programs should function for what diets are likely to work or even Diary of an Awesome Friendly Kid: Rowley Jefferson's Journal (Diary of a Wimpy Kid) how overly busy parents of newborn or sick etc children reactThis is an important book perhaps even a critical book We allave seen discussions of ineuality gain attention across the political spectrum and throughout the world Pikkety s book brought it to a Rechnen und Textaufgaben - Gymnasium 5. Klasse (Mathematik: Textaufgaben/Sachaufgaben, Band 155) head in the blogosphere but we d been watching the Occupy and 99% movement for some time Scarcity Why Having Too Little Means So Much tells us that in many ways the situation is worse than we thought Not only are we tolerating economic and social policies that worsen the situation of and people with each passing year it seems that being poor creates cognitive problems that make the burden even tougher to overcomeScarcity is the curse The subconscious perception of scarcity changesow we think in ways that are detrimental to escaping whatever is causing scarcity in the first placeThis probably wasn t always so We can imagine once upon a time a world that was so much less complicated that the mechanisms described How to Prove It (A Structured Approach) here didn t backfire and insteadelped those individuals get back on their feetNote that poverty while it is the form of scarcity that deserves the most attention is definitely not the only one that is addressed in the book More on that belowThat scarcity is the cause of the problem and not the result reuires a significant conceptual reframingLet s go through the paradigm they lay outThe authors start out exploring focus under conditions of scarcity If two people are told to identify words flashing very very uickly before them on a screen it turns out that Three Religious Rebels The Forefathers of the Trappists hunger will increase the effectiveness of recognition of words associated with food without decreasing effectiveness of other words This focus is a good thing right There are many many examples where that is precisely what we wantWhat isappening is that scarcity causes adjustments to be made by unconscious parts of the brain and the attention of our conscious brain is much easily captured by stimuli that respond to that scarcity We can t control it we can t avoid it that point is made time and again by the evidence presented The Sunset Warrior hereThe word they use to describe this is tunneling When scarcity causes us to focus we descend into a cognitive tunnel and aspects of the world that don t deal with that all important need become increasingly invisible to us We can even become completely oblivious Even when voluntarily focusing this is evident We ve all been so deeply engrossed in something reading playing a video game watching a tense movie that we are startled by someone telling us they d been trying to get our attention for some time Those unperceived stimuliave been inhibited from arriving in our awareness Other objectives we might ave otherwise thought important can be eliminated from our consideration by goal inhibition A salient example the authors give is the neglect of a firefighter to fasten their seatbelt in the urgent rush from the station to a burning building although the scarcity ere is of time not moneyBut if it is scarcity that is causing the tunneling we can t escape it easily and fall into it readily even when we do escape What tunneling reflects is a lack of bandwidth The term is annoyingly contemporary but uite apropos because like the cyber term it encompasses two related but different resources Tunneling taxes both our cognit. Earch from behavioral science and economics Mullainathan and Shafir show that scarcity creates a similar psychology for everyone struggling to manage with less than they need Busy people fail to manage their time efficiently for the same reasons the poor and those maxed out on credit cards fail to manage their money The dynamics of scarcity reveal why dieters find it The Impossible Climb: Alex Honnold, El Capitan and the Climbing Life (English Edition) hard to resist temptation why students and busy executives mismanage their time and why sugarcane farmers are smarter afterarvest than before Once we start thinking in terms of. Ive capacity ie intelligence as well as our executive control ie discipline Another way of perceiving this tunneling is very revealing A common way of prioritizing a to do list is to rank each item by both urgency and importance Something that is urgent but not important might be ranked Dien Cai Dau Wesleyan Poetry higher than something that is important but not urgent correct Tunneling forces us to focus intensely on this urgent need even if our rationalconscious mind would prefer to treat something else as critical This seems counterintuitive but the book provides plenty of supporting evidence What this means is that what is merely important but not urgent is consistently suppressed For example replacing seriously worn tires on the car is important of course but at no point is it necessarily urgent until it is too late Dental care same thing Budgeting for long term but completely predictable expenditure is important but to someone tunneling through life with two jobs with variableours child care troubles etc they will very often be surprised to discover that something important Hope Solo: My Story Young Readers' Edition has crept up on themEven when they emerge from that cognitive tunnel their troubles won t be over of course This is where juggling comes in suddenly all those other important things are visible but there isn t enough time or energy or slack to consider them much less money in the bank account The stress is likely to kick them straight back into a scarcity mindset one where the bandwidth tax imposed by scarcity affects their intelligence and disciplineJust to remind us that all of these problems aren t just relegated to the poor who we might privately suspect are dysfunctional anyway the authors provide several counterexamplesBy way of an empirical analysis they uiz strangers in a mall After getting some socioeconomic data the intelligence of the participants is tested Then they are asked a key uestion and then their intelligence is tested some The key uestion is one designed to selectively trigger the scarcity capture phenomena Half of the subjects are askedow they would deal with a sudden emergency car repairs that cost about 150 for the other uality Control in the Pharmaceutical Industry half the figure is bumped up to 1500 For those at theigh end of the economic scale there was no change in the intelligence testing But for those downscale the later uestions showed a significant cognitive deficit as much as fourteen I points which at least temporarily would make them borderline deficient Another empirical study looked at Bomb: The Race to Build--and Steal--the World's Most Dangerous Weapon (Newbery Honor Book) how air traffic controllers interact with their families On days when the air traffic load was low the controllersad a cognitively easy day and went ome and appeared to engage with their children in a stereotypically upper or middle class manner On days when the job was especially tough their interactions with their family were troubled and reminiscent of a stereotypical lower class familyThe effect of scarcity is seen across cultures and in diverse domains uite a few of the studies cited take place among struggling farmers or impoverished street vendors in India Others involve struggles with diets a scarcity of permissible calories in effect or loneliness a scarcity of social interaction In fact the book is chock full of interesting examples Some are illustrative just so stories or telling anecdotes but the forty pages of endnotes are tied to the large volume of empirical evidence This weight of substantiation is necessary because the message is counter paradigmatic While we often remind ourselves not to blame the victim in some contexts that is still pervasive in many domains Even among those on the political left policies often assume that the poor don t understand something when the theory of scarcity induced cognitive deficits would tell us instead that they don t ave the moneytimeenergy to act on what they often uite well know The numerous examples of The Founders of Psychical Research how busyness or dietary failures among the not impoverished leads to the same kind of flawed behavior is a salutary reminder that this isn t a phenomena of poverty but part ofuman cognition Unfortunately the mass of examples gets in the way of clarity There might be too much narrative those that are unfamiliar with the state of cognitive research might be uneasy enough with the evolving argument and dismiss the conclusions sticking with their preexisting opinions Actually it is worse most people whose preexisting opinions lean in the other direction are probably wary enough of cognitive research that they won t even open this bookEven if this book was only about poverty the implications really are staggering As the authors say one prevailing view explains the strong correlation between poverty and failure to make good choices in life etc by saying that failure causes poverty Our data suggest causality runs at least as strongly in the other direction that poverty the scarcity mindset causes failure This book tells us that we should be reexamining all of our policies and social adjustment mechanisms from a different angle not just because they would be effective but also because of the fundamental unfairness of creating obstacles that perversely can make peoples situation worseBut this is an academic book There is no sense of outrage to incite change through passion It doesn t make the dire predictions of Piketty stirring controversy and wider discussion Many of those reading this will respond Oh yeah Duh This is a five star book because awareness of this theory and its profound social and political implications needs to be elevated Please read it even as a self Pelé: The King of Soccer help book in your own life I rearranged my dailyabits to make sure this review got written something that otherwise I might Chakras & Self-Care: Activate the Healing Power of Chakras with Everyday Rituals have considered important but not uite urgent But the goal really is to think about it enough that it changes one s perspective of the struggle of many of our fellowumans 2016 update Good tie in to the current political discussion about The Unforgiven how economic injustice leads to social injustice The Psychological Argument for a Universal Basic Income Personally I think the best argument for a UBI instead of aigher Minimum Wage is that the technological unemployment of the coming decades is going to make it Omgiven av idioter harder andarder for many people to be employed at all and A Hightext is not
Minimum Wage Isn T Much Of AWage Isn T Much Of A high Minimum Wage isn t much of a social net for the unemployed I Kapitulatus! haven t seen a plausible plan for a UBI yet but it is probably going to be needed for social stability Excellent reviews and articles from around the web From the Economist Days late dollars short Those with too littleave a lot on their mind From the New York Review of Books It Captures Your Mind From the Guardian Scarcity Why Having Too Little Means So Much A study showing The Ivory Gate how poverty impairs judgmentas far reaching implications From Pacific Standard How Being Poor Makes You Poor New research shows ow poverty can often be a self perpetuating trap From the author Sendhil Mullainathan in the New York Times The Mental Strain of Making Do With Less While I find the topic very interesting and the science and research put into understanding the scarcity factor intriguing I think the book was overly long repetitive and uite frankly circular Many of the points and ideas made were well described early in the book and yet 70% of it was just regurgitating the same themes Many books are written in such manner especially when they deal with non fiction topics and this book is no different Editors must be gunning for volume and as such authors are forced to write the same thing over and over again in different words The book did a good job explaining the issue and yet did not offer much on terms of strategies to andle In short good albeit long and repetitive description of the problem and almost no solutions Advice to new readers You can bail out after the first third and not miss anything of substance I stuck to the end and can attest to that Some people say poor people Ci alleniamo anche se piove?: Miserie e splendori del calcio dilettantistico have poor ways the implication being that they are poor because of their poor ways These authors maintain that the reverse is true that peopleave poor ways because they are poor They say it can be explained by the psychology of scarcityWhat will suprise many readers is that rich or non poor persons manifest the same behavior attributed to poor people when subjected to situations of scarcity eg lack of time In other words the rich often Star Wars Thrawn Star Wars Thrawn have poor ways too but theyave enough money of cover the fiscal mistakes However the psycholgy of scarcity can show up in scarcity of time and friends as well as money and the psychology of scarcity can come into play for all social and economic classesThis book finds surprising links and similarities between the stressed out time poor of the west with the truly poor dollar a day workers of the developing world Many wealthy people who are critical of the behavior of poor people will be surprised to learn from this book that they share the same behavior patterns as the very poor when in an environment of scarcity The psychology of scarcity and its resulting behavior can be witnessed when there s a scarcity of time money or relationships with others Two terms repeatedly used in this book are bandwidth and tunneling Bandwidth refers the limited number of things that any New York Is English, Chattanooga Is Creek. (Richard Jackson Books (Atheneum Hardcover)) human can focus on at one time The results of this limited bandwidth leads to a kind of cognitive tunnel limiting what a person is able to focus on at one time Limited bandwidth and tunneling depletes self control and leads to impulsive and sometimes dumb behavior Unfortunately this behavior can spiral into a trap of worsening scarcityThe authors bring an abundance of examples from their respective fields of study to support their descriptions of the psychological and behavioral conseuences of the feeling of scarcity Sendhil Mullainathan is a behavioral economist and Eldar Shafir is a cognitive psychologist Proposes that scarcity undermines rationality in consistent but unrecognized ways acrossuman life The schedule the diet the budget the farm the attempt to connect The butter was spread a little thin but I appreciate that this book attempted to be Guiding Readers and Writers, Grades 3-6: Teaching Comprehension, Genre, and Content Literacy humane aboutuman failings I also appreciate that it did not fall into the Malcolm Gladwell smugness about The Stray Bullet how we re doing it wrong without anyelp on doing it right Mullainathan and Shafir at least tried though their suggestions did sound a little like try not being poor While it did not morally Scarcity and the strategies it imposes the problems of modern life come into sharper focusMullainathan and Shafir discuss Autobiography of Mark Twain, Vol. 3 how scarcity affects our daily lives recounting anecdotes of their own foibles and making surprising connections that bring this research alive Their book provides a new way of understanding why the poor stay poor and the busy stay busy and it reveals not onlyow scarcity leads us astray but also How to Fix a Broken Heart (TED Books) how individuals and organizations can better manage scarcity for greater satisfaction and successhttpusmacmillancomscarcitySen.