[Power A New Social Analysis] EBOOK
Power A New Social Analysis Bertrand RussellThe volume contains a number of arguments However four themes have a central role in the overall work The first theme iven treatment in the analysis is that the lust for
Power Is A Part Of Human Nature is a part of human nature the work emphasizes that there are An interesting work of Bertrand Russell in his later years His aim in Power A New Social Analysis is to establish power as the fundamental concept in all of the human sciences similar to the role the concept of energy plays in the natural sciences Russell argues that power takes on different forms traditional by kings or priests naked lacking inherited authority revolutionary the establishment of a new creed economic and propagandistic through persuasion Wihtin societies power takes on many different forms often there s a complex mixture of different roups holding different types of power and power changes form through time In the latter parts of the book Russell argues that power accumulates not just economic power like Karl Marx already predicted in the 1840 s and that most power starts with military force of one roup over others Through force this roup of vigilantes is usually able to establish economic dominance ie plunder transforms into taxation and landed wealth Likewise the moral codes or creeds of those roups are spread by force and persuasion The eighteenth and nineteenth centuries saw democratic developments in which power bases were broken up and divided among different social Imagine That! groups After democracy died a spiritual death after The Great War 1914 1918 certain revolutionaryroups were able all over the world to revert back to enforce their power through their fanatic creeds and revolutionary power This book was published in 1938 meaning fascism nazism and communism play a big role in his analysis of power He correctly views these creeds as temporary yet he acknowledges modern technology has drastically changed propaganda military and economic power A very interesting chapter is Chapter 16 which deals with power philosophies Russell claims that solipsism Fichte pragmatism hero morality Nietzsche and Creative Evolution Bergson are all self refuting d0ctrines These philosophies all propagate power doctrines ie the notion that individual desire is the origin of truth and certainty which will subseuently lead to a situation in which the doctrine itself cannot hold For example solipsism holds as long as no controversy arises among the people who view themselves the Creator of reality As soon as two or of these claim so they refute the others and conflict arises This conflict will lead to the realization that they are not alone after all In the same vein the pragmatist holds that what is true is what is beneficial But beneficial to whom Not to the person who is not the pragmatist Hitler viewed his doctrines as
"true but i "but I sure the Jews and later the Allied Forces didn tThe Elena's Conquest general importance of these remarks is the acknowledgment that all of us have a desire for power Most philosophers primarily develop ethics which areood and benificent tofor themselves and only secondarily universalize them rare is the person who loves mankind as such Russell mentions Buddha Christ Pythagoras and Galileo as the four best examples of persons lacking a will to power Peaceful stable and just societies find a means to curb the destructiveness of these desires yet construct valves through which these energies can escapeIn the final chapter Russell lays out the conditions for just such a society In this he recycles his older ideas on education democracy economics and politics According to him we need 1 Democracy with checks and balances controlling associations political balance and a counterweight of police and law attempting to establish the innocence of the accused2 Public ownership and control of large scale industry and finance through democratic State control ie social democracydemocratic socialism Economic competition should be Sister of My Heart garantueed which means monopoly formation should be hindered Accumulation of military and economic control should be hindered through distribution of power and autonomy of subordinateroups3 Government monopoly on propaganda combined with freedom of propaganda Representation of different viewpoints on each topic as far as possible impartial coverage Within science art and party politics no uniformity at all unreigned competition4 Curbing of enthusiasmfanaticism and prevention of war as the road to The key to human nature that Marx found in wealth and Freud in sex Bertrand Russell finds in power Power he argues is man's ultimate King Alfred's Version of St. Augustine's Soliloquies goal and is in its manyuises the single most important element in the development of any society Writting in the late 1930s when Europe was .
Story shows that minorities cannot be trusted to care for the interests of majoritiesRussell outlines the way that power has been exercised through history He describes the means of rule that we all know about such as tyranny priestly rule and royal hereditary rule showing how each one has advantages and disadvantages He oes into how power is exercised from naked power direct force that inspires fear through the subtle methods of propaganda education economic rewards and punishments that if successful to the leadership build within a public a mythology of the society so deeply held that
citizens are compliant without the need of coercionThe ualities that are valued inare compliant without the need of coercionThe ualities that are valued in powerful vary among societies Honor wisdom Russell s analysis of forms of power is thorough and persuasive Though dated in some parts the book is nonetheless highly relevant in modern times where power everywhere still oes largely unchecked My favourite uote in the book The ultimate aim of those who have power and we all have some should be to promote social cooperation not in one roup as against another but in the whole human race The chief obstacle to this end at present is the existence of feelings of unfriendliness and desire for superiority Such feelings can be diminished either directly by religion and morality or indirectly by removing the political and economic circumstances for power between States and the connected competition for wealth between large national industries Both methods are needed they are not alternatives but supplement each other I picked this up a few years ago read the intro and put it down I admit it s a bit slow and for than half the book he is simply describing different institutions and forms of power I was lad when I picked it up the second time and didn t stop because as he Portrait of a Starter: An Unhidden Story goes on exploring power he occasionally says something profound or least eye catching The man who has vast mechanical power at his command is likely if uncontrolled to feel himself aod not a Christian God of Love but a pagan Thor or Vulcan or I call power naked when it results merely from the power loving impulses of individuals or How the West Was Lost: Fifty Years of Economic Folly--and the Stark Choices Ahead groups and wins from its subjects only submission through fear not active cooperation or The most successful democratic politicians are those who succeed in abolishing democracy and becoming dictators or Power over opinion like all other forms of power tends to coalescence and concentration leading logically to a State monopoly or Where these conditions are absentovernments may seek to produce them by censorship and persecution if they are severe cause men to become out of touch with reality and ignorant or oblivious of facts which it is important to know and finally though this isn t all of them The broad rule is that a State conuers what it can and stops only when it reaches a frontier at which some other State or States can exert a pressure as *Strong As Its OwnAt *as its ownAt end of the book in his chapter The Taming of Power is where I really appreciated his work He talks about how minorities throughout history have not had the interests of majorities at hand He discusses how the problem of power must be met by the taming or accountability of power by the majority Because power coalesces and concentrates it s vital to have checks and balances that redistribute that power for the ood of all He ends the chapter taking a hard look at education and how to develop a de It is strange to read a 20th century book with only a few foot notes and no bibliography Russell s writing style is entertaining and funny but the eneral argumentation of the book is rather unconvincing except the last chapter which happens to be very convincing This can happen Apparently Russell didn t like economists or rather their idea s which means he probably didn t know their idea s or at least didn t understand them Too bad First time I m looking forward to reading some books of an author while not being convinced by the book s message Some people can be
extremely interesting even when one thinks they re wrong Russell is one of them Afterinteresting even when one thinks they re wrong Russell is one of them After years of reading a chapter every now and again I have finally finished It s a slow book The concepts are big and trying to et your head around them reuires you to read stop slow down think reread But once you learn to accept that this is oing to take a while its magic really does start to showAs does it s magical humour which amazingly had me laughing loudly and scribbling down uotes to share. He most important of his long career Countering the totalitarian desire to dominate Russell shows how political enlightenment and human understanding can lead to peace his book is a passionate call for independence of mind and a celebration of the instinctive joy of human lif. .
Bertrand Russell Æ 2 Free download.
Espotism Education should be aimed at the development of free thinking as opposed to instilling submissiveness the
road to dictatorship and intellectual honesty being able to see both sides of an argumentto dictatorship and intellectual honesty being able to see both sides of an argument form your own opinion The medicine is to learn people to psychoanalyze all claims to principles which are mostly collectivized and idealized desires for revenge pride or hatred In Moonrise general what we need is a society of individuals who have learned to rest in the half way house between scepticism and dogmatism is a condition for a peaceful and stable democracy a just economy and intellectualrowth I was really impressed by Russell s book Written during the spread of totalitarianism in Europe as well as Asia and its immediate threat to liberal democracies everywhere his plea is one of common sense There is a desire for power in almost all of us which is part of the human condition Only be recognizing this fact by constructing society in ways that this power can be used for creation and mostly by preventing war through the application of mass psychology and creeds fostering fanaticism can we hope to establish a safer and healthier world for all of us notwithstanding any race or nationality As always Russell tells it like it is he doesn t make matters difficult or obscure as necessary and he calls a spade a spade In my opinion this book should be mandatory in high schools and colleges all over the world together with Aldous Huxley s Brave New World 1932 Karl Popper s The Open Society and Its Enemies 1945 and George Orwell s 1984 1948 Some will remark that Russell s philosophical analysis lacks the scientific backbone to be useful I disagree wholeheartedly we need philosophical analysis and less scientism in matters political and economic The right of free speech is nugatory unless it includes the right to say things that may have unpleasant conseuences to certain individuals or classes It is often said that men are ruled by their imagination but it would be truer to say that they are overned by the weakness of their imaginations And the men have been made to live in a fool s paradise the they will be horrified and discouraged by the reality I love this book It s 20% profound 40% off the wall weird *And 40% Recycled Political Commentary The Good *40% recycled political commentary The ood are so After Tamerlane: The Global History of Empire Since 1405 good I didn t even mind that last Essentially Russell surveying with dismay Europe in the late 1930s and with the probability of an apocalyptic European war firmly in mind descends from the Olympian heights of mathematics to clear up the bothersome matters of culture and society The basic idea is that we should understand society and completely reinterpret history and social science in terms of statu Took me forever to read this Picked up an old hardback copy in a charity shop for next to nothing as I was keen toe Bertrand Russell delved deeply into logic over his long life Alien Alpha going so far as to develop a symbolic language of logic He found that some problems that appeared to be unsolvable were only so due to the way they were stated Language can be an impediment to understanding because we use it so casually paying little attention to meaning and assuming in most cases correctly that others will know what we meanIn his writing Russell is always at pains to make himself perfectly clear choosing his words as a sculptor might choose his strikes on a piece of marble This is why I find Russell s popular works so enjoyable He makes his points simply but powerfully Time after time he makes statements that I can t imagine could be better phrased I llive some examples belowIn this little book he handles what causes humanity so much trouble the desire for power that is present in all of us but which is too easily rabbed by the few to rule over the manyStarting with a description of individual variation regarding power he divides people up into three roups The first is self confident and feels entitled
to power the second roup is by comparisonpower The second roup is by comparison and prefers to let others lead Members of the third roup neither seek power nor are timid but prefer to stand apart from the contest enjoying power in mastery of self It follows that the members of the first roup ain positions of authority because it is important to their self regard that they do soThis leaves a minority ruling over the majority and as Russell says Whenever a minority has a secure monopoly of political power the majority is likely to sink sooner or later into either slavery or serfdom All hi. Eing torn apart by extremist ideologies and the world was on the brink of war Russell set out to found a 'new science' to make sense of the traumatic events of the day and explain those that would follow The result was Power a remarkable book that Russell regarded as one of ,