[PDF/EBOOK] Lincoln and the Abolitionists John uincy Adams Slavery and the Civil War BY Fred Kaplan

Mited He states that Lincoln called Hannibal Hamlin to Springfield and told him he wanted him as a running mate which isn t true Lincoln didn t meet Hamlin until after the two of them had been separately nominated at the Republican convention in Chicago where neither of them was present Other rrors are laced throughout the bookWhich is a bit confusing because otherwise the book is well researched and documented Likely Kaplan had a greater understanding of Adams because of his previous biography but he also wrote a Biography of a Writer about Lincoln so the The Rise and Fall of the New Deal Order, 1930-1980 errors are a mystery The organization of the book also makes it a tough read Kaplan hops around in time and space not only from page to page but paragraph to paragraph This makes it sometimes difficult to follow the thought processes At one point forxample he starts to talk about the Matson case in which Lincoln co counseled with noted racist and family friend Usher Linder on the side of a man trying to retain his slaves But after a few lines indicating he would discuss it he veers off on a tangent then returns to it a few pages later only to give a uick introduction and veer off again before finally coming back to the case several pages down the road So would I recommend the book Yes and no I do think he provides some interesting perspectives and good background Confession especially about John uincy Adams Wendell Phillips and a cast of lesser known characters important to the slavery discussion But I would caution that prior to digging in readers should have a broader understanding of Lincoln s attitudes and roles and be careful of significantrrors of fact As I know less about Adams I can t determine if there are rrors or premise conflicts in the sections dealing with him But readers without a good understanding of Lincoln should be wary of taking the ideas presented in the book at face value Those with knowledge might find that knowledge challenged though not always correctly or persuasively The bloodiest war ver waged is infinitely better than the happiest slavery which ver fattened men into obedience And yet I love peace But it is real peace not peace such as we have had not peace that meant lynch law in the Carolinas and mob law in New York not peace that meant chains around Boston Court House a gag on the lips of statesmen and the slave sobbing himself to sleep in curses No such peace for me no peace that is not born of justice and does not recognize the rights of very race and very man Wendell Phillips Slavery was from the founding of the American republic the issue that always threatened to blow it apart While the majority of Southerners were intransigent about its necessity and their willingness to defend it at all cost many in the North shared their sentiment albeit for different reasons Of course not all men North or South fell lockstep into a pro slavery or anti slavery binary worldview Prominent Southerners like Thomas Jefferson and Henry Clay both slaveholders and Northerners like Lincoln although born in Kentucky publicly lamented the morality of slavery while insisting it was a necessary vil and doing little to confront it Then there was John uincy Adams Son of founding father John Adams secretary of state president senator congressman and yes badass abolitionist What set Adams apart from men like Jefferson Lincoln Clay and others was that he was willing to back up his rhetoric with action Adams submitted anti slavery petitions to Congress like a madman The author cites one January where he submitted 195 of these alone Not a typo 195 That is just insane One imagines that being under a Congressional gag rule that prevented any member from introducing any anti slavery petitions just motivated him ven to give them a big screw you The image of him churning these out at his desk brings a smile to my face There is a very humorous story in the book where after a speech by Henry Clay decrying slavery but also imploring the abolitionists to stop agitating to nd slavery Adams presented a resolution toend slavery Ok I ll stop my Adams fanboying here and get on with the review but along with John Brown he s one of my new heroes While Cezanne a Study of His Development effusively praising Adams the author is not sonamoured with Lincoln He often sees him through a prism of political calculation self interest and at times an inability to recognize the determination of the South to secede While it is a wholly valid criticism to say that Lincoln s views on slavery were based primarily on a moral dislike of slavery that never You Owe Me One exceeded the political calculations of inaction it is perhaps unfair on Lincoln to say he was unwilling to take action on slavery It is neverasy to step back from the present and assess Democratic Art: The New Deal's Influence on American Culture events of the past without the prejudices of time andxperience However Lincoln was faced not only with a hostile South but a North who was less than sympathetic to abolition as well Were Lincoln for xample to unilaterally free all the slaves the Emancipation Proclamation in fact sympathetic to abolition as well Were Lincoln for xample to unilaterally free all the slaves the Emancipation Proclamation in fact freed slaves in CONFEDERATE STATES NOT IN BORDER STATES SUCH AS KENTUCKY States not in border states such as Kentucky Delaware and Maryland it s Confederate Cities: The Urban South during the Civil War Era easy to imagine states defecting to the Confederacy immediately and Northern soldiers throwing down their guns and going home many in fact did this anyway Could the Union who in thearly days of the war was reeling from several heavy defeats have survived four states joining the Confederacy Particularly with Maryland and Delaware being on the doorstep of the capital The author argues Lincoln had a moral imperative to do than he did Perhaps so My only defense of Lincoln would be that while his stance lacked the courage of a John uincy Adams or a William Lloyd Garrison they did not have the power he possessed and therefore he needed to consider his rhetoric far carefully That Lincoln s path was ultimately the one that Convents and the Body Politic in Late Renaissance Venice emancipated the slaves and saved the Union is perhaps the metric best used to judge whether he was right or wrong. Hoebe Adams John King Charles Fenton Mercer Phillip Doddridge David Walker Usher F Linder and H Ford Douglas to Elijah Lovejoy Francis Scott Key William Channing Wendell Phillips and Rufus King The cast includes Hannibal Hamlin Lincoln’s first vice president and James Buchanan and Andrew Johnson the two presidents onither side of Lincoln And it includes Abigail Adams John Adams Henry Clay Stephen A Douglas and Frederick Douglass who hold honored places in the American historical memoryThe subject of this book is slavery and racism the paradox of Lincoln our greatest president as an antislavery moralist who believed in an xclusively white America; and Adams our most brilliant statesman as an antislavery activist who had no doubt that the United States would become a multiracial nation It is as much about the present as the pas. Lincoln and the Abolitionists John uincy Adams Slavery and the Civil WarLincoln wasn t John uincy Adams End of story This is an unusual book It s thesis is clear Lincoln was not an abolitionist Although he was noble in his own way he was limited to being a morally anti slavery politician The work s biggest strength is Kaplan s comparisons of Lincoln to various abolitionist politicians most notably John uincy Adams who championed actual abolition despite the possible problems it ntailed for the constitutional order The book s underlying and near debilitating weakness is its organization Which detracts from the argument and makes it difficult for the reader to view the text as a unitary narrative Unless you get your history from Ken Burns or Steven Spielberg you are probably aware that Abraham Lincoln was in no way shape or form an abolitionist when it came to slavery in the United States A supporter of the American Colonization Society which promoted the removal and resettling of freed slaves out of the United States Lincoln never Upgrade Soul envisioned former slaves and whites being able to live peaceably side by side Lincoln went to war to preserve the Union not to free the slaves In fact Kaplan makes it clear that Lincoln fought the first two years of the Civil War with the aim to lure rebellious states back into the Union allowing them to retain their slaves and preferring to deal with the unsolvable problem at a much later dateIn these times of Black Lives Matter and African American NFL players kneeling during the playing of the national anthem and most recently the violence in Charlottesville Virginia Fred Kaplan s Interesting how the distorted lens of history gives us a rose colored view of Abraham Lincoln as a slave fighting hero He was not at least not in the way he s typically portrayed While he found slavery morally troubling without the threat of secession by the south he likely would have been content to leave things as they were In our modern day terms Abraham Lincoln couldasily be described as a White Supremacist Of course we can t judge past generations by current standards though it is important to note that Lincoln was not all that different from many of his contemporaries in this respect He was not uniue nor was he particularly concerned with the suffering ndured by the millions of slavesJohn uincy Adams on the other hand had remarkably progressive opinions on the issues of slavery and desegregation He was outspoken and passionate and today would be considered an activist Yet our textbooks and history lessons largely leave out Adams while putting Lincoln on a pedestal simply because Lincoln happened to be president when the country was forced to decide between a united nation and slavery Fred Kaplan lays the truth out for us in this xceptionally researched book The author s focus is not on the war itself but on the people and politics leading up to and surrounding it We see the nation and its people as they really were absent the shiny polish and pedestals we tend to give our historical heroes Kaplan s writing is an intelligent narrative without the academic pretense This is an in depth but Elizabeth I: Translations, 1544-1589 easy book to read Kaplan gives us a gift here by giving us the truth We need to know and to acknowledge the truth of where we ve been if wever hope to create a better future I received an advance copy from the publisher via Vine in Dolphin Confidential: Confessions of a Field Biologist exchange for my honest review Fred Kaplan is an accomplished author who has written critically praised books on Dickens Vidal and James This bookxamines Lincoln as an abolitionist It is not a biography It is not hagiography It is based on the premise that Lincoln s sudden death made him into a secular saint and transformed into the Great Emancipator Kaplan s Lincoln is a conservative politician who is fairly risk adverse and who does not want to wade into the waters surfed by the radical anti slavery abolitionists His hero is John Adams who the author feels took a principled anti slavery stand and who dreamt of a multi racial America He is in Kaplan s view the opposite of the overly cautious tepid Lincoln who can t not commit to an America that will ver something that does not depend on white hegemonyOther stars in the abolitionist firmament include Frederick Douglass Henry Clay Elijah Lovejoy and many others The Lincoln in this book is a man who prefers colonization to mancipation and who tepidly walks toward nding slavery Perhaps we have sanitized Lincoln however although he was not an abolitionist he always saw slavery as vil Others may have been purer in their views than Lincoln but he was dealing with an America in which both North and South harbored racist views toward the Imaginary Runner enslaved Lincoln knew that and knew the limitations of his various offices His North Star was the Declaration of Independence and he used it as the promissory note to chip away at slavery Because he was a lawyer he knew that a wartime measure such as the Emancipation Proclamation needed the added protection of a Constitutional amendment Perhaps Reconstruction would have had problems under Lincoln Who is to know Perhaps Lincoln is not a saint but he was a gifted and principled leader who navigated a difficult terrain in a manner which few politicians could have accomplished J Adams was a gifted man and a man of principle but he did not bring about thend of slavery in the US The flawed man born in a log cabin in Kentucky helped in that cause He did not do it alone he had an ocean of assistant s but he in that cause He did not do it alone he had an ocean of assistant s but he the vessel and he deserves the credit This is a good read and a thoughtful book but it does not give Lincoln the full credit he merits He may have not been flawless but he was also not a poll driven risk adverse milk toast interested

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the status uo author compares the views on slavery of John uincy interested in the status uo The author compares the views on slavery of John uincy to those of Abraham Lincoln and describes the contribution to their perspectives by a number of lesser known abolitionists such as Wendell Phillips and Elijah Lovejoy Despite the fact that The acclaimed biographer with a thought provoking From Cottage to Bungalow: Houses and the Working Class in Metropolitan Chicago, 1869-1929 exploration of how Abraham Lincoln’s and John uincy Adams’xperiences with slavery and race shaped their differing viewpoints provides both perceptive insights into these two great presidents and a revealing perspective on race relations in modern AmericaLincoln who in afterlife became mythologized as the Great Emancipator was shaped by the values of the white America into which he was born While he viewed slavery as a moral crime abhorrent to American principles he disapproved of anti slavery activists Until the last year of his life he advocated voluntary deportation concerned that free blacks in a white society would result in centuries of conflict In 1861 he had reluctantly taken the nation to war to save it While this devastating struggle would preserve the Union it would.

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Incoln faced normous challenges in preserving the Union during the Civil War he comes up short in the presidential comparison While the author goes into great detail to show how their views French Daguerreotypes evolved over time and were influenced byvents of the day I felt he could have devoted time to the From Notes to Narrative: Writing Ethnographies That Everyone Can Read evolution of Lincoln s views on slavery during the Civil Warspecially to the passage of the 13th Amendment Lincoln s maneuvers to get it passed are not mentioned The book has a general chronological flow but suffers from freuent jumps back and forth in time All in all it s a worthwhile read as it sheds some light on the moral and political views of the Great Emancipator Had to uit this halfway through The introduction is strong and sets out some interesting points but it uickly goes off the rails to infodump town There is no focus to this book and no xplanations ither It seems like it is setup like a popular history but it reads like a historian on cocaine very boring cocaine It hits you with US policy and speeches one after another that vaguely relate to the introduction When we got into George Washington involvement with Haiti I had to stop It spews out so much information but it never connects back to any ongoing storyline other than just slavery in general I normally wouldn t care too much about tangents but these tangent ratio is way off It s mostly tangents that don t directly related to Lincoln or Adams It confusing because you never get an idea of why this particular policy or uote is immediately important It was just never Doris Salcedo ending I give this book credit for making myarly US history ignorance clear and did make me look up some things that it never cared to Twelve Days of Pleasure explain Forxample if you like me don t know what Federalists stood for or if Jefferson was one of them from the start then this probably isn t for you There s just too much work figuring out what is going on on my part to make this book make any sense first of all and second the wikipedia articles are interesting and not surprisingly coherentI just noticed the cover should have been a warning so much on there What is this about again So many people on the cover haha Kaplan does not give Lincoln his due as being a politician from Illinois whose southern half was settled by Southerners mainly He felt that a universal feeling whether well or ill founded can not be safely disregarded Public opinion had to be considered when seeking any change At the outset of the Illinois senatorial campaign of 1858 Abraham Lincoln pleaded with his audience let us discard all this uibbling about this man and the other man this race and that race and the other race being inferior and therefore they must be placed in an inferior position discarding our standard that we have left us Let us discard As a Lincoln scholar this was a tough book to read for a variety of reasons Kaplan is obviously Gods Choice enad of John uincy Adams the subject of one of his previous biographies The book contrasts Adams s attitudes and actions regarding slavery with Lincoln s finding Lincoln sorely lacking because he wasn t an active abolitionist The author also seems to channel abolitionist Wendell Phillips the northern abolitionist that mirrored thextremism of the southern pro slavery firebrands Phillips also happens to be one of Lincoln s greatest critics and at times it appears Kaplan is Phillips in his treatment of LincolnMuch of the first half of the book focuses on John uincy Adams while the latter half focuses on Abraham Lincoln This is Gustave Caillebotte: The Painter's Eye entirely appropriate as the two are found in two differentras of political strife with Adams literally dying in the House chambers while Lincoln likely sat in the back of the same room as a single term Congressman Adams likely listened to Lincoln s xtended speechifying in the House during his spot resolution discussions which attacked President Polk s decision to invade Mexico Adams would have agreed with President Polk s decision to invade Mexico Adams would have agreed with s views including the argument that the rationale for the Mexican War was to gain territory in which to xpand slavery Kaplan s writing almost deifies Adams s contribution to the abolition debate not the least of which included pressuring despite the gag rule that forbade ven the discussion of how to nd slavery In contrast Kaplan barely gives Lincoln credit for any contribution to the Great Plains: America's Lingering Wild end of slavery Kaplan paints Lincoln as an anti slavery moralist who believed in anxclusively white America and Adams as an antislavery activist who had no doubt the US would become a multiracial nation He threads this rather tenuous premise throughout the narrative using it repeatedly to drive his opinion that Lincoln was a reluctant mancipator who did nothing until he was pushed to do so by others and by circumstances He carries this premise and repeats it ad nauseam throughout the book Lincoln is to blame in Kaplan s opinion for the war for slavery continuing and for taking the chance that the South might come back into the Union after the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation thus potentially returning the Union to a #pre war status ie with slavery intact There is certainly room for #war status ie with slavery intact There is certainly room for on the various issues discussed but while Kaplan says in his preface that the book honors both Adams and Lincoln he clearly honors one and holds back credit for the book honors both Adams and Lincoln he clearly honors one and holds back credit for the The perspective is worth reading but should not be taken at face value additional knowledge of vents must also be brought in to make the discussion fact basedRegarding fact Kaplan makes many Electromyography for Experimentalists errors of fact from minor Lincoln s first inaugural was on March 4 1861 not March 6 to horrendous he discusses for several pages that Tennessee had not left the Union It did He also claims Confederates had been driven out of Louisianaarly in the war which isn t true only part of Louisiana returned to Union hands He discusses in depth how Lincoln actively replaced Hamlin with Johnson which is overstating the case tremendously as Lincoln s role was likely very li. Also abolish slavery creating the biracial democracy Lincoln feared John uincy Adams forty years Forgetful of Their Sex: Female Sanctity and Society, ca. 500-1100 earlier was convinced that only a civil war wouldnd slavery and preserve the Union An antislavery activist he had concluded that a multiracial America was inevitable Lincoln and the Abolitionists a frank look at Lincoln warts and all provides an in depth look at how these two presidents came to see the issues of slavery and race and how that understanding shaped their perspectives In a far reaching historical narrative Fred Kaplan offers a nuanced appreciation of both these great men and the vents that have characterized race relations in America for than a century a legacy that continues to haunt us allThe book has a colorful supporting cast from the relatively obscure Dorcas Allen Moses Parsons Violet Parsons Theophilus Parsons .